Routing Protocol Algorithm

The Purpose of the Algorithm
At the core of the distance vector protocol is the algorithm. The algorithm is used to calculate the best paths and then send that information to the neighbors.
An algorithm is a procedure for accomplishing a certain task, starting at a given initial state and terminating in a defined end state. Different routing protocols use different algorithms to install routes in the routing table, send updates to neighbors, and make path determination decisions.
The algorithm used for the routing protocols defines the following processes:
Mechanism for sending and receiving routing information.
Mechanism for calculating the best paths and installing routes in the routing table.
Mechanism for detecting and reacting to topology changes.


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